Examples: Fish, Vegetables/fruit and Eggs
Fish is the best source of Omega 3 fats with its anti-inflammatory properties and small amounts would have occasionally been eaten as part of a primordial diet. Oily fish such as sardines, herring, pilchards and salmon contain the most Omega 3 (over 1000mg per 100gms of fish). Fish oil supplements can also be used if whole fish not available, however, they are prone to oxidisation and unlike whole fish do not contain the natural form of the anti-oxidant Vitamin E to counteract this, (stripped out during processing and a synthetic, less bioavailable form added back in). Add three crushed almonds to the meal if using fish oils as a this provides a Vitamin E boost.
Tips: Possum is also a good source of Omega 3 if fish not available. Include fish in diet if feeding a lot of poultry to balance the fats, (chicken is relatively high Omega 6 with its inflammatory properties).
In the whole prey diet approximately 3 or 4% would comprise carbohydrates from plants/ fruits, usually via the stomach of the herbivorous prey. Feeding green tripe will ensure these carbs are achieved, however if not feeding tripe, then 3 or 4 % of vegetables/ fruit can be added to help provide additional micro-nutrients. Mulch or puree the veggies/fruit as dogs cannot breakdown the cellulose in the vegetable/fruit skin.
Tips: if feeding veggies, avoid starchy vegetables such as potatoes as this will make the stomach more alkaline.
Eggs are a complete protein source, full of nutrients. They are a great source of Vitamin D in particular, so 1 or 2 a week if you wish as they would have been normal in the primordial diet.
Tips: If free-range, feed the finely ground shell as well as a good source of calcium.